What are the UK rules and regulations for mobility scooters?

By: fishadmin, On: 13 March 2017

Mobility scooters are involved in four crashes every week according to 2015 figures from the Department of Transport, so it’s important to be aware of the rules and regulations. We’ve answered some common questions to help anyone who uses a mobility scooter to stay safe.


 Who can use a mobility scooter?

You can only drive a mobility scooter if you have trouble walking because of an injury, physical disability or medical condition. An able-bodied person can use a mobility scooter in certain cases, such as if they are demonstrating a vehicle before it’s sold, are training a disabled user, or are taking the vehicle to or from maintenance or repair.

Can I drive a mobility scooter on the road?

Yes, but only if it’s a ‘class 3 invalid carriage.’ ‘Class 2 invalid carriages’ aren’t allowed to go on roads, except in cases where there is no pavement.

How old do I need to be?

To drive a class 3 invalid carriage you must be at least 14 years old.

What features should my class 3 mobility scooter have if I’m taking it on the road?

You must have a maximum unladen weight of 150kg and a maximum width of 0.85 metres. You must also have an efficient braking system, front and rear lights and reflectors, indicators, an audible horn and a rear view mirror. If you’ll be taking your scooter on a dual carriageway you also need an amber flashing light. If it doesn’t have these features, you could be stopped by the police.

Do I need a licence or tax to go on the road with my mobility scooter?

No, but you must register. You can do this by completing the V44/4 form for new vehicles, of V55/5 for used vehicles. You can order these forms from the DVLA here.

What about insurance?

Insurance for mobility scooters is not a legal requirement as it is with cars, but it is recommended. Fish Insurance offers comprehensive mobility scooter insurance from £54.00 per year, find out more here.

 Is there a speed limit?

Yes, class 2 invalid carriages have a maximum speed of 4mph. Class 3 invalid carriages have a maximum speed of 4mph off the road, and 8mph on the road.

What about eyesight requirements?

There’s no legal eyesight requirement to drive a mobility scooter but, like when driving any other kind of vehicle, you should be able to read a car’s registration plate from a distance of 12.3 metres (40 feet.)

Can I drive on footpaths too?

Yes, both class 2 and class 3 invalid carriages can legally be driven on footpaths or in pedestrian areas, so long as you stick to the speed limit of 4mph. You can’t drive any type of mobility scooter on cycle paths marked ‘cycle only.’

Can I park my mobility scooter anywhere I like?

No, all the normal parking restrictions apply to mobility scooters. You shouldn’t leave it on a footpath or pedestrian area on its own if it gets in the way of other pedestrians, which includes wheelchair users or people with prams or pushchairs.

What other rules are there?

If you’re driving your mobility scooter on the road you must learn and follow the Highway Code.

For further information and advice, you can visit our mobility scooter advice and information page.


This information was taken from GOV.UK in February 2017 and was correct at the time of writing. The blog is intended as guidance only.


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